Endodontic treatment or root canal is the treatment done to the inside of the tooth. It is necessary when the pulp becomes inflamed or infected. There can be a variety of causes like deep decay inside the teeth, often dental procedures undertaken on the tooth, improper / faulty crowns, or a crack or chip in the tooth. In addition, trauma to a tooth may cause pulp damage even if the tooth has no visible chips or cracks. If that pulp inflammation and / or infection is untreated for a while, it can cause pain or lead to an abscess.
During root canal or endodontic treatment, the inflamed or infected pulp is removed and the inside of the tooth is carefully cleaned and disinfected, then filled and sealed with a rubber-like material called gutta-percha. later on, the tooth is affixed with a crown or filling for protection. After restoration, the tooth continues to function like any other tooth.
Endodontic treatment gives you a natural smile and allows you to continue eating the foods you love and limits the need for ongoing dental work. With proper care, most teeth that have had root canal treatment can last a lifetime.